Much has been said about the difficulty in keeping marine fish. There are so many conflicting opinions on the way forward in keeping marine species in captivity. what the filtration system should achieve. Improvements in the equipment and modern filtration has made a significant difference to the success in keeping these beautiful creatures. Not hard to keep and don t need any expert skills just common sense and patience is the most important factor. Our aquariums are custom made to your specification. By improving the aquarium system and creating a better environment we reduce the numbers of fish that die prematurely
The equipment used in our systems will reduce power consumption in times of economic crises and enhance the environment by producing much needed oxygen levels. We don t just build aquariums we provide the full service. Design, Construction, Installation. We provide service and back up on all complete systems. We provide systems suitable for the total beginner to large custom built aquariums for the office/hotel/restaurant. All our systems are designed for low maintenance.
Overall, you should try coming as close as you can to their natural environment in the wild. This includes adjusting the temperature/environment, biological, and water quality in your saltwater aquarium setup. Your saltwater aquarium setup will begin before you actually bring your fish to their new home. You will need to condition the environment accordingly first.
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Our state-of-the-art Aquarium Life Support Systems (LSS) create a healthy and stable environment for marine life.
Aquarium Design India filtration systems are quiet and dependable,to provide maximum enjoyment with minimal fuss.
Our experienced Life Support System Design Team take pride in creating effective, efficient, user friendly filtration designs.
Our installation team travels the India and ensures that your Aquarium Design India Aquarium is installed to our exacting standards and ready for you to enjoy for years to come.
Our unique, awe inspiring aquarium systems have been installed Nationally by our team of experts for over 20 years.
Many of our smaller aquarium filtration systems are self contained below the aquarium and utilize our robust Clear Choice Wet-dry filter However, for aquariums over 350 gallons, the aquarium life support systems should be located remotely within your facility or residence. The size of the Life Support System is based on the volume and complexity of your particular aquarium application.
LSS Design Fundamentals All re-circulated aquarium life support systems require biological, mechanical and chemical filtration. Protein skimming is considered essential for all saltwater applications. The design may include our self-contained Clear Choice Wet-dry filter for aquariums under 350 gallons, or a remote filtration system for larger aquariums. A typical remote aquarium life support system will utilize an open system and often include a closed system to provide additional water circulation. Most remote LSS will also require a chiller and heater to control water temperature within the aquarium. LSS Designs
A) Open System Design
Turn over through the open system should be approximately four times per hour. Therefore, the pump should be rated for this turn over at the given head loss for the aquarium application. The system requires an atmospheric reservoir of approximately 10% the volume of the main aquarium (the more volume available, the better). Within the open reservoir pre-filtration, typically micron polyester bag filters are used. On marine systems, an open system includes a protein skimmer rated for the volume and load of the aquarium in question. The skimmer should have the capacity to handle at least 100% of the volume of the aquarium once per hour. The open system typically utilizes a fluidized bed filter and/or a bio/de-gassing tower with a sufficient quantity of bio-balls for gaseous exchange and biological oxidation/reduction.
B) Closed System Design
Turn over through the closed system is approximately 4 times per hour The closed system provides additional circulation. Additional mechanical filtration is achieved using a canister filter or other high capacity mechanical filter. Additional chemical filtration is provided by a carbon canister filter. A side stream is directed to the aquarium chilling system to maintain a constant temperature. Water from the closed system may be used to supply an Ultra-Violet Sterilizer for additional filtration.
Our professional installation team has years of experience installing thousands of aquariums around India from Kashmir to kanyakumari. From a 150 gallon home aquarium to a 150,000+, you can depend on Aquarium Design India to do it right, from start to finish.For all installations, Aquarium Design India will:
Provide courteous, on-time installation by professional installers, licensed and insured as required by law, and trained to meet our tight standards. Take the utmost care of your home during the installation process, including wearing shoe covers and protecting your floors. Complete a pre-installation site survey upon arrival at your home to ensure the success of the installation. Install and secure your new aquarium structure. Check for proper operation. Clean up the work area, including removal of packaging and installation-related debris. Provide you with a Basic Aquarium Care manual and fish portfolio, personalized to the installed system. Provide a certificate of professional installation warranty for one year.
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Aquarium Design India, the world s leading manufacturer of custom aquarium exhibits is proud to offer our industry leading Wet-Dry Trickle Filters and Refugiums to discerning hobbyists and aquarium professionals.
The Clear Choice Series of advanced aquarium filtration was initially designed and built exclusively for use on the award winning aquarium systems we design and manufacture.
Our filters are hand built at our factory to withstand the rigors of continuous aquarium use and are adaptable to the industry s ever changing trends and carry a 1-year warranty.
Our Wet-Dry filters come in Different sizes for aquariums from 55 gallons to 400 gallons.
The benefits of the Aquarium Design India Clear Choice Wet-Dry Filter include:
1. Slide able/ Remove able Pre filter Tray: Dual drip tray with rinse able pre-filter pad
2.Thick Wall Construction: 1/4" panels for increased durability, longevity and safety
3.Super-Sized Sump: Increased volume and more equipment room
4.Baffled Degassing Chamber: Virtually eliminates micro air bubbles
5.Triple Bonded Edges: Produces the strongest bonds in the industry
6.Adaptable Drain Intake Kit: Allows for dual overflow or multi tank installation
Clear Choice Refugiums and Sumps
Aquarium Design India, the world s leader in high end custom aquarium fabrication and supplies, is proud to release its new line of advanced filtration Refugiums and Sumps for the live reef enthusiast.
Joining the company s already successful line of wet dry filtration units,
Aquarium Design India Refugiums are built to withstand the rigors of continuous aquarium use and are adaptable to the industry s ever changing trends.
Spectrum of live reef filtration up to 300 gallons. Features of these units include:
1.Expanded sump area to accommodate large variety of pumps and high tech protein skimmers
2.The largest refugium/sand area in the industry providing expansive area for macro algae and invertebrate growth
3. Degassing vents to allow more air escape creating far less micro-bubbles than competing units
4. Black chamber walls inside the unit concentrate light where its needed and inhibit algae growth in unwanted areas of the sump and baffle chamber
5. Clear chamber sump top with mounting lip for surface or above unit lighting.
Backed by Aquarium Design India continued commitment to the highest quality product and a "no hassle" guarantee,
Aquarium Design India refugiums provide aquarium retailers and enthusiasts alike with a new and better choice for advanced, natural filtration.
One important aspect of keeping tropical fish is aquarium lighting. This is an often overlooked area that can sometimes be confusing for a beginner to aquariums. The confusion may come from the many available types of fish tank lighting that you can use to light your tank.
The main types of light are:
1.Regular fluorescent lights,
3.High output (ho) flourescent,
4.Very high output (vho) flourescent
6.LED - Light Emitting Diodes
The type of light you need for your tank really depends on what you plan on keeping in your tank. This article is a very general introduction into aquarium lighting and below we discuss the various types of lighting needs based on aquarium type. These are general recommendations and we encourage you to research your livestock s lighting requirements for best results. Aquarium Light Types Regular Flourescent Light
These are the type of lights that come with most starter tanks and are very affordable. They typically range from 15 to 40 watts and have Kelvin ratings from 3,000 to 10,000. Kelvin is the scale used to measure the color temperature. They are very cheap to run and replace. Compact Flourescent Light Bulb
These are a step up from the regular flourescent lights. They typically range from 10 to 100 watts and have Kelvin ratings from 5,000 to 10,000. They offer really bright and intense light but they do put off some heat that may raise the tank water temperature. Running power compact lights will require special hoods and because of the heat produced, they often come with installed fans in the hood.
High Output (HO) Flourescent Light
HO flourescent lights typically range from 20-60 watts and have Kelvin ratings from 6,000 to 11,000 They are more expensive than regular flourescents and usually last longer. These lights require a T5 light fixture. Very High Output (VHO) Flourescent Light
VHO flourescent lights typically range from 75-60 watts and have Kelvin ratings from 10,000 to 20,000. These lights are very expensive and produce a lot of heat. They require a ballast and/or special fixture especially for VHO lights. They have fans incorporated into the lighting unit to help keep the lights and aquarium cool. Even though they come with fans you may need to equip your tank with an aquarium chiller to prevent your tank water from overheating. Metal Halide Light Bulb
Metal Halide lamps typically range from 175-1000 watts and have Kelvin ratings from 5,000 to 20,000. This type of light is closest to the sun in terms of luminousity but they are very expensive to buy, operate and replace. They produce a lot of heat and usually must be fan cooled. Ballasts with fan units included are widely available. This is often the preferred method of lighting a reef tank setup with anemones and corals that need higher intensity lighting. LED Aquarium Lights
Is this what we have in store for the future of aquarium lighting systems? Prices as of 2007 are still very high and they will need to drop significantly in price before more hobbyists will transition to them. They offer many advantages over previously mentioned lights. Some of the advantages of LED lights over convential flourescents and metal halides include:
LED lights run much cooler than standard flourescents and metal halides LED lights consume less energy than the other lights They have a much longer life span There is no filament to break, so they could be considered more durable They can be configured in many ways due to their small size. Many of the light fixtures being sold now include moon lights which are LEDs. So we re starting to see them more often, but even though these LED s are very promising we are probably still a few years away from using them as the primary light source on most home aquariums. Freshwater Aquarium Light - Fish Only For a freshwater tank with no live plants you can get by with the low watt flourescent lights. These lights are typically between 18 and 40 watts and should last for a year or longer before they burn out. Freshwater Aquarium Plant Lighting
Live plant keepers will need to upgrade their lighting system. The light type you need depends on several factors: Depth of the tank Plant species you plan on keeping Growth rate desired Typically, plant keepers try to provide anywhere from 2-5 watts per aquarium gallon. Research the plants you want to keep beforehand to determine if you can provide the light needed.
Saltwater Aquarium Light - Fish Only
Fish only saltwater tanks will work fine with regular flourescent bulbs. Try to get a "full spectrum" light for your tank. While tanks with live rock can get by with regular flourescent full spectrum lights they will do better with flourescents and actinic lights (blue light). It really depends on how well you want the coralline algae to grow. Certain types of coralline algae seems to grow better with higher amounts of actinic lighting.
Saltwater Reef Aquarium Light
Saltwater reef tanks with corals, clams and other light needing organisms will need the high output, very high output flourescent or metal halide lamps. Certain corals, anemones and clams require very intense lighting levels that can only be provided with VHO and metal halide light sources. A general rule of thumb for reef tanks is between 4 and 10 watts per aquarium gallon. Many reefers have lighting systems incorporating metal halides and VHO flourescent tubes. Research the species you want to keep because light requirements can vary. Because of the amount of heat these light units can produce, you may need to get an aquarium chiller to keep your tank water temperature in an acceptable range. The expense of lighting a reef tank may be just as high or higher than the cost of the live rock. Photo Period - How long do you leave the lights on? How long should the fish tank lights stay on for? We get this question frequently. A good range to aim for would be anywhere from 6 to 12 hours. Remember that fish like and need to rest just like other animals. Fish only setups could range from 6 to 12 hours, reef tank setups and freshwater planted aquariums could range from 10 to 12 hour photo periods. Leaving the lights on for longer time periods could contribute to nuisance algae growth (just one of the factors with algae growth), higher tank temperatures and quicker tank water evaporation. Be consistent and if you can afford it, invest in a light timer.
Aquarium Light Timer
You may also want to get an aquarium light timer. A light timer can help make running an aquarium that much more enjoyable because it s one less thing you have to mess with. Most higher end fish tank hoods and fixtures have multiple power cords that are tied into the multiple light sockets within the hood. This allows you to setup your timer to turn on the various lights at different times. For instance, a popular hood nowadays is the compact flourescent hood incorporating an actinic bulb, a full spectrum bulb and a moon light. You could set up the timer to turn on the actinic bulb to go on first and stay on for 12 hours, then have the full spectrum bulb come on an hour or so later and stay on for 10 hours. This could simulate dawn and dusk by having the actinic bulbs come on an hour early and stay on an hour later. Finally, you could have the moon lights turn on when the actinics turn off. Who knows, you may even start to see breeding behavior in certain species that may be more in tune with the light of the moon in this type of setup. Another side benefit of using a moon light is the super cool effect it creates in the aquarium when all the other lights in the room are off. Conclusion
As you can see, the type of light you need really depends on they type of tank your running. Freshwater and Saltwater fish only tanks can usually get by with the regular flourescent lights whereas the freshwater plant keepers and saltwater reef tank keepers will need to invest in better light sources.
A protein skimmer, also sometimes referred to as a foam fractionator, is a piece of aquarium equipment that is primarily used in saltwater aquariums in order to remove dissolved organic compounds (DOC) and other harmful substances that if not removed can breakdown in the aquarium or filter adding to the biological load on an aquarium. Protein skimmers remove these hydrophilic substances completely from the water using air bubbles that are collected in a collection cup. As air and water are mixed in the skimmer chamber the bubbles rise and take with them the dissolved organics that are attracted to the bubble surface. When the bubbles with the proteins, amino acids and other nasty stuff bubble up the tube into the collection cup they are completely removed from the aquarium. Unlike a mechanical filter that just traps solids but still exposes them to the aquarium as the water continues to flow over them all the while these solids are breaking down and adding to the total bio-load on a tank. Skimmers could possibly be consider one of the most significant advances for the saltwater hobbyist.
Think about the ocean for a minute. You know how as the waves crash on shore you will sometimes notice sea foam? This is similar to the way protein skimmers function. Air is mixed with water and then the dirty bubbles (foam) are placed on shore, only with a protein skimmer this foam is removed from the system via the collection cup. Skimmer Benefits
Skimmers increase the dissolve oxygen levels and redox potential in an aquarium They remove dissolved organics before they get a chance to breakdown and become a food source for nuisance algae By removing dissolved organics the aquarium water clarity does not age or yellow as quickly since the DOC buildup is less allowing light to penetrate deeper into the tank for the benefit of corals and other inverts. Can help lead to a more stable pH since less dissolved organics are in the system. Overall improvement in the health and vigor of the animals in the aquarium since their wastes are being removed from the system via the collection cup.
Do I really need to a protein skimmer?
One of the first questions new saltwater hobbyists seem to ask is whether they really need a protein skimmer for their first setup. Especially when they start to shop for a skimmer. The short answer is no, you don t have to run a protein skimmer on your setup. There are many hobbyists that run successful systems without them. However, these hobbyists also realize the importance of regular partial water changes for the aquarium and how important water changes are to the health and well being of the animals in their care.
By not running a skimmer you really do need to stay on top of those water changes. Otherwise you will start to see nuisance algae growths cropping up all over the place, especially if you have high output lighting like metal halides, T5 s or VHO flourescents. The initial expense of getting a good protein skimmer is justified in the peace of mind it gives the hobbyist and the overall water quality improvement it can provide. I m telling ya, once you see and smell your first collection cup full of gunk that is removed from your aquarium you will be hooked on skimmers. The way most systems are stocked nowadays (rarely are they under stocked) skimmers should be pulling out at least a cup full of skimmate from the system daily. Do you really want that amount of dissolved organics accumulating in your tank in between water changes? Me neither.
Running a system without a skimmer and without live rock would seem to be someone that is just trying to A) set themselves up for failure or B) they like bashing their heads against walls. If you re planning on a system without live rock and no protein skimmer I would simply ask, why? Make the system as easy to maintain as possible and chances are you will be able to enjoy it more. Skimmer Types
Really? You want to cover this? Ok, if you say so. If your mind starts to glaze over mid-read, you ve been warned. Basically, the object here is to find the best way to create lots of tiny bubbles and to provide the optimal contact time with the organics so they can attach to the bubbles and then rise as a foam into the collection cup. The body style of the skimmer can be an important design consideration when utilizing any of the methods of creating bubbles. Here are a few ways to make bubbles: Co-current skimmers: These were some of the first used and they had an air stone at the bottom of the chamber providing the air bubbles. The air bubbles rose vertically and were collected into a cup. Actually, these skimmers even today are good skimmers. The wooden air stones (finer bubbles) just have to be replaced regularly.
Counter Current skimmers: The air/water mixture is forced through a counter-current of aquarium water in the body of the skimmer. This is supposed to give a longer contact time for the bubbles to attract the organics. Venturi skimmers: These use a venturi valve to mix in air with the water. These valves are usually situated on the intake tube coming into the skimmer. Needle Wheel Skimmers: These use a spoked wheel that spins and chops up the incoming water producing fine bubbles. There are also mesh wheel skimmers that function in a similar way. Spray Induction: As the aquarium water comes into the skimmer it is forced through a spray nozzle that creates a lot of tiny bubbles.
Downdraft and Beckett: These skimmer types use proprietary parts to mix the air and water to create the glorious bubbles we love. Some of the larger protein skimmers are these types of skimmers. Knowing how a skimmer creates it s bubbles could be a consideration for the hobbyist. Some are more popular than others. It really comes down to doing your research, just like everything else in this hobby. Are you going to pick a skimmer just because it s a downdraft skimmer? Of course not. You are going to come to a decision based on reviews from other hobbyists or first Hand experience with a unit.
Skimmer Maintenance When shopping for a protein skimmer it is very important to include in your decision making the methods and ease of maintenance on the product before buying one.
How easy is it to empty and clean the collection cup? This is a daily task and collection cup design is a very important factor. How easy is it to get into the skimmer with your arm for scrubbing the walls? You won t be cleaning the walls except maybe every 6 months to annually. How easy is it to clean the bubble creation device? Can you easily get to it with a small bottle brush? Cleaning the collection cup should be done daily for optimum performance. As residue builds up on the neck of the cup it can impede the rising of the foam and ultimately the amount of gunk that you remove from the system. Skimmers can be a valuable asset for your saltwater aquarium. They can help create a more stable environment for your animals and a healthier one too. If you just can t afford a decent protein skimmer you should honestly rethink the whole saltwater thing, at least for now. Especially for a beginner to the hobby our goal here is to make sure you have all the tools you need to succeed while having fun. Save up enough money until you can afford one a later date. You will be glad you did.
One last thing, skimmers are very expensive and the old saying that "you get what you pay for" certainly has some merit with skimmers. Trying to go the inexpensive route will often end up costing you more in the long run. I ve been there and done that. Don t waste your money on a cheap skimmer. This piece of aquarium equipment is just too important. Get a good one from the start after researching them thoroughly.
When using one in a home aquarium, the UV unit should be placed last in the filtration line. You want to first filter the aquarium water through your mechanical filter and then run the water through the UV device before returning the water to your fish tank. By first removing the solids in the aquarium water with your mechanical filter (canister filter, etc), you are helping your UV unit to attain maximum operational efficiency.
The effectiveness of any UV sterilizer is determined by the UV bulb wattage, the age of the UV bulb,how clean the quartz sleeve is and the flow rate of the unit.
UV Light Bulb The effectiveness of the bulb will deminish with time and use. Manufacturers usually recommend replacing the bulb after 6 months. You can find units with bulbs anywhere from 8 watts up to as high as 130 watts. The higher the wattage of the light,generally the more effective it is. If you have a unit with a lower wattage then you will want to have a lower flow rate to get the most out of the unit.
UV Flow Rate The flow rate of the unit is an important consideration. Flow rate is measured in gallons per hour (gph) or liters per hour (lph). While higher flow rates may be acceptable for killing algae and some bacteria, you will usually need a much slower flow rate to kill parasites. For example, a 15 watt bulb will usually kill algae and bacteria with a 120 gph flow, but you will need to lower the flow rate to around 75 gph for it to effectively kill parasites. Read the manufacturers recommendations for your particular unit for effective bulb wattage and flow rates. Keep the Quartz Sleeve Clean One thing that some hobbyists forget about is the quartz sleeve that the UV bulb slips into. You must clean this quartz sleeve periodically to remove any build up in order to keep your sterilizer operating at peak efficiency. The better sterilizer units have a wiper with a handle outside the unit that allows you to quickly and easily clean the sleeve without taking the sterilizer apart.
Do I really need an Ultra Violet Sterilizer for my aquarium? For indoor freshwater fish tanks that are well filtered and properly maintained, you really don t need one. Saltwater hobbyists may have a good excuse for getting one because of the high price tags for many of the saltwater species. However, most hobbyists really don t need one if they are doing things properly.
Doing things properly would mean using a quarantine fish tank for new arrivals and performing frequent fish tank maintenance. Outdoor pond keepers may want to invest in a UV sterilizer to help control algae problems in their out door ponds.
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